While the occupation of Istanbul continued, the British deep state was simultaneously making plans to suppress the independence campaign that was gaining momentum fast. First, they set up a unit, and trained and armed their soldiers. This small army was called Kuva-yi İnzibatiye (Forces of Order) and Süleyman Şefik Pasha was appointed as its commander. They also supported those gangs in Anatolia that rebelled against the Ankara government, and provided them with money and arms. These gangs, most notably Ahmet Anzavur, consisted of Caucasian refugees that fled the Russian civil war. During the first years of the independence campaign, on top of all the difficulties of forming a new state, Mustafa Kemal had to deal with these gangs.
The British deep state tried to turn Kurds in Anatolia against the Nationalist Forces. Lieutenant-Colonel Edward William Charles Noel, also known as the Lawrence of the Kurds, was an intelligence officer and was assigned the task of making the Kurds rise and secede Southeastern Anatolia from the Ottoman Empire.
Let’s hear what Mustafa Kemal Atatürk said about Noel in his Great Speech:
For the purpose of creating a fraternal fight between Turks and Kurds and helping build an independent Kurdistan under British control, they provoked Kurds. They spent huge sums of money to this end, spied endlessly… A British officer called Noel worked a long time in Diyarbakır to achieve this goal and resorted to all sorts of deceit and lies in his efforts.(SOURCE)
Noel, who argued that Kurds belonged to the Arian race and therefore were closer to Europeans than Turks, suggested the establishment of an autonomous Kurdish entity in Southeast Anatolia under British control.